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Posts Tagged ‘secured loan’

What are the factors which affect the buyer to take loan?

In Banking, Finance on June 22, 2012 at 12:56 am

This is the third blog in the series – do read earlier ones Understanding Types of Loan and How Banks Categorized Whom to Give Loan .

In this blog, I will talk about the factors which affect the buyer while he is about to take the loan.

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The first and foremost step in taking a loan is to understand the purpose of loan e.g.: home loan or student loan.  Then think about most suitable loan for the purpose for example should we take home loan by making payment through credit card – it will look most unsuitable method as home loan is long term loan and credit card payment is made after a very short period of time. Then the loan should be according to your income level eg: how much you are in actual capacity to pay monthly for such loans. It should be rather the amount which you are in position to pay with very comfort every month. Then you need to make it adjusted with your future planning eg: repayment in 6 months or 6 years. The next important step would be to take decision on fee and interest you would like to pay under the loan (eg:  Personal loans have high fee and interest rates than home loan). In the last, you need to take information from many banks or financial institution to get the best interest rates and fees. The bank policies for repayment and other conditions also need to be considered.

In short, the major factors which affect the borrower’s decision are purpose of loan, type of loan which is suitable according to purpose of loan, repayment time period of the loan, actual capacity to pay the loan according to income level, adjusted loan according to future planning, fee and interest rates offered by the different banks.

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Understanding types of Loan

In Banking, Finance on May 28, 2012 at 9:58 am

Money requirement changes over a period of time, some individuals require money to build house, some for marriage, buying an expensive car or it may be for kid’s education. Corporate houses have different requirements like starting a new business, expansion of existing business etc. These requirements can be fulfilled by selection of few options. First option is to self – fund, second option is to take loan (debt), third option is to raise equity and last is through partnership/joint venture and strategic arrangements. When self-funding is not available, corporate mostly avail a mix of debt and equity. Equity has lots of entry barrier and required large capital, individual go for taking a loan.

A loan is given by one party to another party with the agreement that money will be repaid after a certain period of time. In a loan contract, borrower (who takes the loan) pays certain percentage of the principal amount to lender (who gives the loan) as compensation for borrowing. Maturity date of the loan is the date by which the borrower must have paid the loan.

There are 2 types of loan – secured loans and unsecured loan.

When a loan which is guaranteed by collateral, it is termed as secured loan. Its best example is home loan – when a person buys a home, he/she make some amount as down payment to the builder and for rest amount he/she may take as home loan from a bank or financial institution. In case of default of the assets, lender (bank or financial institution) has right to seize home.

When borrower does not deposit any kind of asset against the loan, it is termed as unsecured loan. Personal loans, bank overdraft and corporate bonds are good example of this.

They are other very popular loans like business loans (type of secured loan) where borrower need to present a business plan, education loan (unsecured loan up to a specific amount) where borrower is a student and take this loan for higher education.

Now an interesting question arise in the mind how banks categorize whom to give loan or not. See my next blog on this.